Oncotarget

Research Papers: Pathology:

Identification and analysis of hub genes and networks related to hypoxia preconditioning in mice (No 035215)

Haiting Cheng, Can Cui, Shousi Lu, Binbin Xia, Xiaorong Li, Pinxiang Xu and Ming Xue _

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Oncotarget. 2018; 9:11889-11904. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.23555

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Abstract

Haiting Cheng1,3,*, Can Cui1,*, Shousi Lu2,*, Binbin Xia1, Xiaorong Li1, Pinxiang Xu1 and Ming Xue1

1Department of Pharmacology, Beijing Laboratory for Biomedical Detection Technology and Instrument, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China

2China Rehabilitation Research Center, Beijing 100068, China

3Department of Pharmacy, Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Ming Xue, email: xuem@ccmu.edu.cn

Keywords: hypoxia preconditioning; hub genes; microarray; network analyses

Received: July 07, 2017     Accepted: October 28, 2017     Published: December 21, 2017

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia preconditioning is an effective strategy of intrinsic cell protection. An acute repetitive hypoxic mice model was developed. High-throughput microarray analysis was performed to explore the integrative alterations of gene expression in repetitive hypoxic mice. Data obtained was analyzed via multiple bioinformatics approaches to identify the hub genes, pathways and biological processes related to hypoxia preconditioning. The current study, for the first time, provides insights into the gene expression profiles in repetitive hypoxic mice. It was found that a total of 1175 genes expressed differentially between the hypoxic mice and normal mice. Overall, 113 significantly up-regulated and 138 significantly down-regulated functions were identified from the differentially expressed genes in repetitive hypoxic brains. Among them, at least fourteen of these genes were very associated with hypoxia preconditioning. The change trends of these genes were validated by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and were found to be consistent with the microarray data. Combined the results of pathway and gene co-expression networks, we defined Plcb1, Cacna2d1, Atp2b4, Grin2a, Grin2b and Glra1 as the main hub genes tightly related with hypoxia preconditioning. The differential functions mainly included the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and ion or neurotransmitter transport. The multiple reactions in cell could be initiated by activating MAPK pathway to prevent hypoxia damage. Plcb1 was an important and hub gene and node in the hypoxia preconditioning signal networks. The findings in the hub genes and integrated gene networks provide very useful information for further exploring the molecular mechanisms of hypoxia preconditioning.


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