Integrated analysis of long noncoding RNAs and mRNAs reveals their potential roles in the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyomas
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Haiyang Guo1,*, Xiyu Zhang1,*, Ruifen Dong3, Xiaolin Liu3, Yinuo Li2, Shan Lu2, Limei Xu2, Yuqiong Wang2, Xiyao Wang2, Dong Hou1, Jian-Jun Wei4, Changshun Shao1 and Zhaojian Liu1,2
1 Department of Molecular Medicine and Genetics and Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Experimental Teratology,Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China
2 Department of Cell Biology, Shandong University School of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China
4 Department of Pathology, Northwestern University School of Medicine, Chicago, IL,USA
* These authors contributed equally to this work
Zhaojian Liu, email:
Changshun Shao, email:
Keywords: lncRNA; protein coding genes; microarray; uterine leiomyoma,CAR Intergenic 10
Received: June 04, 2014 Accepted: August 15, 2014 Published: August 16, 2014
Global expression profiling studies showed that miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in uterine leiomyomas (ULMs) and are involved in ULM pathogenesis. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are another group of regulatory RNA whose expression and roles in ULMs have not been explored. In this study, we examined the global expressions of lncRNAs and mRNAs in ULMs using microarray and interrogated their interrelationship through co-expression analysis. We found that lncRNAs and mRNAs were dysregulated in ULMs and the degree of dysregulation was positively correlated with tumor size. Further analysis showed that lncRNAs correlate to their cis mRNAs in expression levels depending on genomic locations and orientations. Moreover, we identified several dysregulated pathways that were correlated to dysregulated lncRNAs. We validated several aberrantly expressed lncRNAs in extended samples and confirmed that AK023096 was down-regulated and chromatin-associated RNA (CAR) Intergenic 10 was up-regulated in the majority of leiomyomas. Knockdown of Intergenic 10 inhibited the proliferation of leiomyoma cells in vitro, indicating its functional importance in ULM pathogenesis. The neighboring protein-coding gene ADAM12 was also downregulated in Intergenic 10 knockdown leiomyoma cells. We showed for the first time that lncRNAs were dysregulated in uterine leiomyomas. Aberrantly expressed lncRNAs may contribute to the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyomas.
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