Antioxidant and pro-angiogenic effects of corilagin in rat cerebral ischemia via Nrf2 activation
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Yi Ding1,*, Danjun Ren1,2,*, Hang Xu1,*, Wenxing Liu1,*, Tianlong Liu1,*, Liang Li1, Jianguang Li2, Yuwen Li1 and AiDong Wen1
1Department of Pharmacy, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an 710032, China
2XinJiang Medical University, Wulumuqi 830001, China
*These authors have contributed equally to this work
Jianguang Li, email: L77117@163.com
Yuwen Li, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
AiDong Wen, email: email@example.com
Keywords: corilagin; Nrf2; oxidative stress; angiogenesis; ischemic stroke
Received: August 06, 2017 Accepted: September 23, 2017 Published: October 24, 2017
The nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway has been considered as a potential target for neuroprotection in stroke. The aim of present study was to determine whether corilagin, a novel Nrf2 activator, can protect against ischemia-reperfusion injury and explore the underlying mechanism involved. In vivo, rats exposed to middle cerebral artery occlusion were applied to establish an ischemic stroke model. Posttreatment of corilagin significantly reduced infarct volumes and apoptotic cells as well as improved neurologic score after reperfusion, together with increased vascular density in the ischemic penumbra. Meanwhile, posttreatment with corilagin in MCAO rats significantly decreased malondialdehyde levels, restored the superoxide dismutase and glutathione activity, elevating the Nrf2, heme oxygenase-1, the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) expression. However, consecutive intrathecal injection of short interference RNAs targeting Nrf2 at 24-h intervals 72 h before ischemia reduced the beneficial effects of corilagin. In primary cultured neurons, corilagin dose-dependently protected against oxygen and glucose deprivation-induced insult, but the protective effect of corilagin was attenuated by knockdown of Nrf2. In conclusion, these findings indicate that corilagin exerts protective effects against cerebral ischemic injury by attenuating oxidative stress and enhancing angiogenesis via activation of Nrf2 signaling pathway.
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