MicroRNA-212 inhibits the proliferation, migration and invasion of renal cell carcinoma by targeting X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP)
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Chaohui Gu1,*, Zhiyu Wang1,*, Zhibo Jin1, Guanru Li1, Yiping Kou1, Zhankui Jia1, Jinjian Yang1 and Fengyan Tian2
1Department of Urology and Henan Institute of Urology, Zhengzhou Key Laboratory for Molecular Biology of Urological Tumor Research, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, P.R. China
2Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, P.R. China
*These authors have contributed equally to this work
Jinjian Yang, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Fengyan Tian, email: email@example.com
Keywords: miR-212, XIAP, renal cell carcinoma, tumor growth, invasion
Abbreviations: RCC: renal cell carcinoma; qRT-PCR: quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction
Received: May 17, 2017 Accepted: June 28, 2017 Published: September 08, 2017
MicroRNAs have been found to be critical regulator of cancer cell biology. MicroRNA-212 (miR-212) was identified to be a critical cancer-associated microRNA playing either oncogenic functions or tumor suppressive roles in different types of human cancers. In this study, we found that the level of miR-212 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tissues was significantly lower than that in adjacent non-tumor tissues. Decreased level of miR-212 was associated with advanced T stage and TNM stage of RCC. The expression of miR-212 was decreased in RCC cell lines as compared with the HK-2 cell line. Overexpression of miR-212 inhibited cell viability, proliferation, migration and invasion of CAKI-2 cells. Knockdown of miR-212 increased cell viability and proliferation, migration and invasion of ACHN cells. In vivo experiments showed that miR-212 inhibited the proliferation and promoted the apoptosis of ACHN cells in nude mice and thus inhibited the in vivo tumor growth of CAKI-2 cells. Furthermore, we confirmed that X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) was the downstream target of miR-212. The expression level of miR-212 was negatively correlated with XIAP expression in RCC tissues. Moreover, XIAP mediated the tumor suppressive roles of miR-212 in RCC. Finally, we demonstrated that the aberrant expression of miR-212 and XIAP was evidently correlated with poor prognosis of RCC patients. In all, miR-212 can act as a prognostic biomarker for RCC patients and inhibits the growth and metastasis of RCC cells by inhibiting XIAP.
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