CCAT-1 promotes proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of cervical cancer cells via the Wnt signaling pathway
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Jun Zhang1 and Yali Gao2
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People’s Hospital), Jinan University, Shenzhen 518020, China
2Department of Ophthalmology, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People’s Hospital), Jinan University, Shenzhen 518020, China
Yali Gao, email: Gaoylsz@126.com
Keywords: cervical cancer, long non-coding RNA, CCAT-1, Wnt pathways, c-Myc
Received: January 31, 2017 Accepted: June 02, 2017 Published: July 10, 2017
Though the long noncoding RNA colon cancer associated transcript-1 (CCAT-1) has been shown to be involved in tumors of other tissues, its involvement in cervical cancer is still unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanism of CCAT-1 in cervical cancer. We quantified the expression of CCAT-1 long noncoding RNA in samples of cervical cancer tissue by real-time PCR. Effects of CCAT-1 expression on the proliferation and apoptosis of HeLa and CaSki cells were assessed by cell-count, colony-formation, and flow cytometry assays. Binding of the c-Myc protein to the CCAT-1 promoter was confirmed by chromatin immunoprecipitation. Finally, TOP-Flash and western blotting were used to examine the regulation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway by CCAT-1. The results showed that compared with adjacent normal tissue, the expression of CCAT-1 in cervical cancer tissue was significantly upregulated. CCAT-1 expression was related to the stage and size of the tumor and recurrence prognosis. Then, we showed through functional assays that CCAT-1 could promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of cervical cancer cells. Furthermore, chromatin immunoprecipitation showed that c-Myc protein could promote CCAT-1 expression by binding to its promoter. Finally, fluorescent-reporter assays and western blotting showed that CCAT-1 could activate the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. In conclusion, we showed that CCAT-1 can be activated by the c-Myc protein and it can promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis in cervical cancer cells by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. CCAT-1 might serve as a good prognostic indicator and target for treatment of cervical cancer.
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