Clinical Research Papers:
Effects of liraglutide on hemodynamic parameters in patients with heart failure
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Jin Ying Zhang1, Xin Yun Wang1 and Xiang Wang1
1Department of Emergency, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, Binzhou, Shandong, China
Jin Ying Zhang, email: email@example.com
Keywords: glucagon-like peptide-1, heart failure, hemodynamic, pulse indicator continuous cardiac output, left ventricular function
Received: October 19, 2016 Accepted: June 02, 2017 Published: June 19, 2017
Glucagon-like peptide-1 analogues improve left ventricular function in patients with acute myocardial infarction. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of liraglutide on hemodynamic parameters in patients with heart failure. A total of 78 patients with heart failure were enrolled in this study between August 2014 and November 2015. Of these, 52 patients were randomized 1:1 to receive either liraglutide or placebo for 7 days. Hemodynamic measurements were made using transpulmonary thermodilution and arterial pulse contour analysis. At 7 days, the difference in change of the primary endpoint of cardiac output between the liraglutide group and control group was +1.1 1/min (95% CI +0.1 to +2.2; P < 0.001). Stroke volume was significantly higher in the liraglutide group compared with the control group (difference: +14.6 ml; P < 0.001). The difference in an increase in the left ventricular contractile index after 7 days of treatment was +210.7 mmHg/s (liraglutide versus control, 95% CI−92.1 to +501.5; P < 0.001). Liraglutide causes favorable changes in markers of inflammation and oxidative stress. Glucagon-like peptide-1 may be associated with improvement in left ventricular function in patients with heart failure. These findings need to be confirmed by larger invasive trials.
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