Oncotarget

Research Papers: Gerotarget (Focus on Aging):

An extract from the Atlantic brown algae Saccorhiza polyschides counteracts diet-induced obesity in mice via a gut related multi-factorial mechanisms

Patricia Huebbe _, Sibylle Nikolai, Anke Schloesser, Diran Herebian, Graeme Campbell, Claus-Christian Glüer, Annette Zeyner, Tobias Demetrowitsch, Karin Schwarz, Cornelia C. Metges, Thomas Roeder, Gerhard Schultheiss, Ignacio R. Ipharraguerre and Gerald Rimbach

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:73501-73515. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.18113

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Abstract

Patricia Huebbe1,*, Sibylle Nikolai1,*, Anke Schloesser1, Diran Herebian2, Graeme Campbell3, Claus-Christian Glüer3, Annette Zeyner4, Tobias Demetrowitsch1, Karin Schwarz1, Cornelia C. Metges5, Thomas Roeder6, Gerhard Schultheiss7, Ignacio R. Ipharraguerre1 and Gerald Rimbach1

1 Institute of Human Nutrition and Food Science, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany

2 Department of General Pediatrics, Neonatology and Pediatric Cardiology, University Children’s Hospital, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany

3 Section Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology and Neuroradiology, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany

4 Institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Group Animal Nutrition, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany

5 Institute of Nutritional Physiology ‘Oskar Kellner’, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology, Dummerstorf, Germany

6 Institute of Zoology, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany

7 Animal Welfare, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany

* These authors share the first authorship

Correspondence to:

Patricia Huebbe, email:

Keywords: circulating bile acids, bile salt hydrolase activity, intestinal gluconeogenesis, life span, mTOR activation, Gerotarget

Received: April 12, 2017 Accepted: May 08, 2017 Published: May 23, 2017

Abstract

In this study we addressed the questions whether an Atlantic brown algae extract (BAE) affects diet induced obesity in mice and which would be the primary targets and underlying key mechanisms.

Male C57 BL/6 mice were fed a hypercaloric diet, referred to as high fat diet (HFD), supplemented with a freeze-dried aqueous BAE from Saccorhiza polyschides (5 %) for 8 months. Compared to the control group, dietary BAE supplementation significantly attenuated increase in body weight and fat mass. We observed apparent metabolic improvement including normalization of blood glucose, reduced plasma leptin, reduced fecal bile salt hydrolase activity with lower microbial production of toxic bile acid metabolites in the gut and increased systemic bile acid circulation in BAE-fed mice counteracting adverse effects of long term HFD feeding. Survival of mice receiving dietary BAE supplementation appeared slightly enhanced; however, median and maximal life spans as well as hepatic mTOR activation were not significantly different between BAE and control mice.

We suggest that the beneficial metabolic effects of our BAE are at least partly mediated by alterations in gut microbiota associated with fermentation of indigestible polysaccharides that are major components of brown algae such as alginates and fucoidans. We moreover propose a multi-factorial mechanism that involves profound alterations in bile acid homeostasis, changes in intestinal and systemic glucose metabolism likely including increased intestinal gluconeogenesis, increased activity of the intestinally derived hormone GLP-1 contributing to promote systemic insulin sensitivity, and inhibition of α-amylase activity, which expectably limits dietary carbohydrate digestion and glucose release.


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