Increased expression of deleted in malignant brain tumors (DMBT1) gene in precancerous gastric lesions: Findings from human and animal studies
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Jone Garay1, M. Blanca Piazuelo2, Lizbeth Lopez-Carrillo3, Yelda A. Leal4, Sumana Majumdar1, Li Li1, Nataly Cruz-Rodriguez1,5,6, Silvia J. Serrano-Gomez1,5,6, Carlos S. Busso7, Barbara G. Schneider2, Alberto G. Delgado2, Luis E. Bravo8, Angela M. Crist9, Stryder M. Meadows9, M. Constanza Camargo10, Keith T. Wilson2,11, Pelayo Correa2 and Jovanny Zabaleta1,12
1Stanley S. Scott Cancer Center, LSUHSC, New Orleans, LA, USA
2Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
3Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
4Unidad de Investigación Médica Yucatán de la Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad (UMAE) del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), Yucatán, Mexico
5Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia
6Grupo de Investigacion en Biología del Cáncer, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Bogotá, Colombia
7Department of Otorhinolaryngology, LSUHSC, New Orleans, LA, USA
8Department of Pathology, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia
9Department of Cell and Molecular Biology Tulane University, New Orleans LA, USA
10Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
11Veterans Affairs Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Nashville, TN, USA
12Department of Pediatrics, LSUHSC, New Orleans, LA, USA
Jovanny Zabaleta, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: precancerous gastric lesions, DMBT1, H. pylori, inflammation, gastric cancer
Received: October 25, 2016 Accepted: March 16, 2017 Published: April 03, 2017
Helicobacter pylori infection triggers a cascade of inflammatory stages that may lead to the appearance of non-atrophic gastritis, multifocal atrophic, intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia, and cancer. Deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 (DMBT1) belongs to the group of secreted scavenger receptor cysteine-rich proteins and is considered to be involved in host defense by binding to pathogens. Initial studies showed its deletion and loss of expression in a variety of tumors but the role of this gene in tumor development is not completely understood. Here, we examined the role of DMBT1 in gastric precancerous lesions in Caucasian, African American and Hispanic individuals as well as in the development of gastric pathology in a mouse model of H. pylori infection. We found that in 3 different populations, mucosal DMBT1 expression was significantly increased (2.5 fold) in individuals with dysplasia compared to multifocal atrophic gastritis without intestinal metaplasia; the increase was also observed in individuals with advanced gastritis and positive H. pylori infection. In our animal model, H. pylori infection of Dmbt1-/- mice resulted in significantly higher levels of gastritis, more extensive mucous metaplasia and reduced Il33 expression levels in the gastric mucosa compared to H. pylori-infected wild type mice. Our data in the animal model suggest that in response to H. pylori infection DMBT1 may mediate mucosal protection reducing the risk of developing gastric precancerous lesions. However, the increased expression in human gastric precancerous lesions points to a more complex role of DMBT1 in gastric carcinogenesis.
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