Oncotarget

Research Papers:

Induction treatments for acute promyelocytic leukemia: a network meta-analysis

Junjie Huang, Min Sun, Zitong Wang, Qiaoxia Zhang, Jin Lou, Yun Cai, Weihong Chen and Xin Du _

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Oncotarget. 2016; 7:71974-71986. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.12451

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Abstract

Junjie Huang1,*, Min Sun2,*, Zitong Wang3,*, Qiaoxia Zhang1, Jin Lou1, Yun Cai1, Weihong Chen1, Xin Du1

1Shenzhen Bone Marrow Transplantation Public Service Platform, Department of Hematology, Shenzhen Second People’s Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518000, China

2Department of General Surgery, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan 442000, China

3The University of Sydney Medical School, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

*These authors have contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Xin Du, email: duxingz@medmail.com.cn

Keywords: induction treatment, acute promyelocytic leukemia, network meta-analysis

Received: May 03, 2016     Accepted: September 28, 2016     Published: October 04, 2016

ABSTRACT

Background: 9 treatments for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) have been compared in many randomized controlled trials (RCT). The conclusions have been inconsistent and the purpose of this study is to conduct a network meta-analysis.

Results: Rankings of event-free survival are ATRA+RIF (81.2%), ATRA+ATO (69.6%), ATO (50.6%). Rankings of complete remission are ATRA+RIF (79.3%), ATRA+ATO (64.8%), RIF (60.3%), ATO (55.9%). Rankings of avoiding differentiation syndromes are CT (84.3%), ATO (80.3%), RIF (71.6%), ATRA+RIF (49%), ATRA+ATO (40.8%).

Methods: A total of 1,666 patients from 12 RCTs were enrolled. The frequentist method was used. Relative risks with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. We produced a network plot, a contribution plot, and a forest plot predictive intervals. The inconsistency factor, the surface under the cumulative ranking curve and the publication bias were evaluated.

Conclusions: ATRA+ATO is eligible to be the first-line treatment for APL. ATRA+RIF is a prospective alternative to the first-line treatment. RIF or ATO should be reconsidered as another option for de novo APL.


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