Chronic low-dose-rate ionising radiation affects the hippocampal phosphoproteome in the ApoE−/− Alzheimer's mouse model
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Stefan J. Kempf1,2, Dirk Janik3, Zarko Barjaktarovic1, Ignacia Braga-Tanaka III4, Satoshi Tanaka4, Frauke Neff3, Anna Saran5, Martin R. Larsen2, Soile Tapio1
1Institute of Radiation Biology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health GmbH, Neuherberg, Germany
2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
3Institute of Pathology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health GmbH, Neuherberg, Germany
4Institute for Environmental Sciences, Rokkasho, Japan
5Laboratory of Biomedical Technologies, Agenzia Nazionale per le Nuove Tecnologie, l´Energia e lo Sviluppo Economico Sostenibile (ENEA), Rome, Italy
Stefan J. Kempf, email: email@example.com
Soile Tapio, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: synaptic plasticity, hippocampus, dendritic spine, synapse, phosphoproteomics
Received: August 12, 2016 Accepted: September 20, 2016 Published: September 30, 2016
Accruing data indicate that radiation-induced consequences resemble pathologies of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer´s. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect on hippocampus of chronic low-dose-rate radiation exposure (1 mGy/day or 20 mGy/day) given over 300 days with cumulative doses of 0.3 Gy and 6.0 Gy, respectively. ApoE deficient mutant C57Bl/6 mouse was used as an Alzheimer´s model. Using mass spectrometry, a marked alteration in the phosphoproteome was found at both dose rates. The radiation-induced changes in the phosphoproteome were associated with the control of synaptic plasticity, calcium-dependent signalling and brain metabolism. An inhibition of CREB signalling was found at both dose rates whereas Rac1-Cofilin signalling was found activated only at the lower dose rate. Similarly, the reduction in the number of activated microglia in the molecular layer of hippocampus that paralleled with reduced levels of TNFα expression and lipid peroxidation was significant only at the lower dose rate. Adult neurogenesis, investigated by Ki67, GFAP and NeuN staining, and cell death (activated caspase-3) were not influenced at any dose or dose rate. This study shows that several molecular targets induced by chronic low-dose-rate radiation overlap with those of Alzheimer´s pathology. It may suggest that ionising radiation functions as a contributing risk factor to this neurodegenerative disease.
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